The 7 Types of CNC Metal Cutting: Choose The Process To Cut Your Machined Parts

In today's rapidly advancing manufacturing landscape, CNC metal cutting machines play a pivotal role in transforming raw materials into intricate and precise metal components. These computer-controlled marvels have revolutionized the metalworking industry, offering unparalleled efficiency, accuracy, and versatility. In this comprehensive guide, we delve into the various types of CNC metal cutting machines, uncovering their unique capabilities, applications, and cutting-edge technology that drives their operations.

Table of Contents

What is CNC metal cutting?

CNC metal cutting is a precise method employing computer-controlled machines to shape metals by removing material from workpieces. These machines can intricately design metal sheets, serving industries such as aerospace and automotive. As a result, productivity increases, waste decreases, and efficiency is enhanced. The cost-effectiveness varies among lightweight metals due to their performance trade-offs.

#Laser Metal Cutting

Laser Metal Cutting

Laser Cutting, a precise and efficient process, deploys a focused beam to cut various materials. The intense heat generated upon contact with the material causes melting, vaporization, or combustion. Utilizing mirrors and lenses, the cutting machine ensures high precision. This technology finds wide application in manufacturing for intricate shapes and designs.

Laser Cutting’s popularity stems from its advantages across industries. It enables exceptional precision for intricate patterns, resulting in minimal material wastage. Since it avoids direct physical contact, damage risk reduces. Automotive, aerospace, electronics, and arts benefit from its versatile applications.

Laser cutting suitability varies with materials. Metals like stainless steel, aluminum, and carbon steel, due to heat conductivity and structural integrity, are well-suited. Non-metals such as wood, acrylic, paper, and fabric are also effectively cut. Achieving desired results requires consideration of material thickness, composition, and laser beam power and intensity.

#Plasma Metal Cutting

Plasma Metal Cutting

Plasma cutting is an efficient metal fabrication method. It utilizes a high-velocity ionized gas jet to cut through diverse materials. An electric arc passes through the gas, heating it into super-hot plasma, reaching temperatures of up to 30,000 degrees Fahrenheit. This melts the metal, resulting in precise, clean cuts. Industries extensively employ this technology.

Plasma cutting offers adaptability in cutting thickness and materials. It handles metals like stainless steel, aluminum, copper, and conductive metals. From thin gauge metals to thick plates, it caters to intricate designs and industrial projects. Whether crafting patterns or cutting steel sheets for structures, it serves various purposes.

Plasma cutting plays a role in industries. Shipbuilding relies on it to cut steel plates. In automotive manufacturing, it shapes car body parts with precision. The construction, aerospace, and manufacturing sectors benefit from its speed, accuracy, and material versatility. Boosting productivity and ensuring high-quality results, this technology is indispensable in various processes.

#Waterjet Metal Cutting

Waterjet Metal Cutting

Waterjet Cutting involves using high-pressure water to achieve precision cuts. It finds applications in industries like automotive and aerospace, where it can skillfully cut metal sheets, creating intricate designs as an example.

Waterjet Cutting proves suitable for a wide array of materials, including metals, ceramics, and composites. Remarkably, it can cut materials as thick as 200mm or more, displaying remarkable versatility in various applications.

Waterjet Cutting stands out for its eco-friendliness, devoid of harmful fumes or dust. Moreover, its narrow kerf width significantly reduces material waste, making it an economical choice.

#CNC Router For Metal Cutting

CNC Router For Metal Cutting

CNC Router, a machine for metal fabrication, employs routing techniques like milling and engraving to create precise designs. For instance, it can carve intricate patterns on metal sheets decoratively.

CNC Router’s applications in metal design offer customization options. Users can produce unique designs like personalized nameplates or artistic motifs, showcasing the machine’s versatility and accuracy in metal fabrication.

Integrating CAD/CAM with CNC Router enhances its capabilities. CAD enables intricate blueprints, while CAM translates designs into machine-readable code for accurate execution. This combination streamlines production and ensures high-quality output.

#CNC Milling Metal Cutting

CNC Milling Metal Cutting

CNC Milling shapes materials into 3D objects, creating intricate metal components like gears or aerospace machining parts. It moves along multiple axes simultaneously, enhancing accuracy and efficiency, ideal for complex tasks.

CNC Milling produces complex metal components with precise dimensions and tolerances critical for industries valuing accuracy. It handles turbine blades or medical implants efficiently.

Multi-Axis Machining, a vital CNC Milling feature, achieves intricate shapes and contours, enhancing precision and surface finish. Automotive and aerospace industries benefit from this high-quality output.

#CNC Turning For Metal Cutting

CNC Turning For Metal Cutting

CNC turning uses computer-controlled machines to shape metal components. Rotating workpieces and cutting tools ensure precise and efficient shaping. This technique caters to various complexities of parts production, ensuring accuracy in manufacturing.

Programming CNC machines to mirror cutting paths creates symmetrical metal components. For instance, in manufacturing symmetrical gears, the CNC machine duplicates the cutting pattern on both sides.

CNC turning’s automation and swiftness make it favored for high-volume manufacturing. Once programmed, it consistently produces identical components, reducing production time and improving efficiency and uniform quality.

#CNC Wire EDM For Metal Cutting

CNC Wire EDM For Metal Cutting

Electrical Discharge Machining (EDM) is a manufacturing process that uses electrical discharges to shape metals. It can cut, drill, and shape conductive materials with a thin, charged wire. For toolmaking, EDM creates precise holes in hardened steel.

CNC Wire EDM finds applications in various industries for intricate metal shapes, like aerospace and medical. It crafts complex, precise parts, such as turbine blades and surgical tools, especially for tough-to-machine materials like superalloys.

Wire EDM’s advantages include high precision and capability with hard materials. However, limitations exist, such as slower cutting speeds compared to other methods. Not ideal for large-scale production due to relatively slower material removal rates.

How to choose the right Metal Cutting Process For Your Project


For projects requiring high precision, laser cutting is the ideal choice. For instance, when dealing with intricate part shapes, laser cutting can offer superior precision, reducing the need for further machining.


CNC milling is preferred when strict tolerance control is necessary. With CNC milling, more precise tolerance requirements can be achieved during the machining process, ensuring the final product meets specified standards.

Cost Efficiency

For large-scale production, CNC turning is the most cost-effective option. Through automated CNC turning processes, labor costs can be reduced, and machining efficiency increased, leading to overall cost reduction.

Material Selection

Waterjet cutting has advantages in handling various materials. For instance, in processing composite materials or stones that are difficult to machine, waterjet cutting maintains high cutting quality.


When rapid processing of simple parts is required, plasma cutting is a fast and efficient option. For relatively rough cutting demands, plasma cutting can be completed within a short time.

CNC Cutting Service

We are a CNC machining shop offering metal cutting services, including laser, flame, and plasma cutting. Our advanced technology and materials ensure precision and quality in shaping various products like gears and molds. Committed to customer satisfaction, we provide cutting solutions to help achieve production goals.


On-demand CNC Machining prototyping and parts with Custom Finishes and low volume manufacturing.

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