The 7 Types of CNC Metal Cutting: Choose The Process To Cut Your Machined Parts

In today's rapidly advancing manufacturing landscape, CNC metal cutting machines play a pivotal role in transforming raw materials into intricate and precise metal components. These computer-controlled marvels have revolutionized the metalworking industry, offering unparalleled efficiency, accuracy, and versatility. In this comprehensive guide, we delve into the various types of CNC metal cutting machines, uncovering their unique capabilities, applications, and cutting-edge technology that drives their operations.

Table of Contents

What is CNC metal cutting?

CNC metal cutting is a precise method employing computer-controlled machines to shape metals by removing material from workpieces. These machines can intricately design metal sheets, serving industries such as aerospace and automotive. As a result, productivity increases, waste decreases, and efficiency is enhanced. The cost-effectiveness varies among lightweight metals due to their performance trade-offs.

#Laser Metal Cutting

Laser Metal Cutting

Laser cutting is a highly accurate and economical approach to use a focal ray to sever different substances. Contact of the material with it results in intense heating upon contact causing either melting, vapourisation or burning. The cutting machine employs mirrors and lenses for accuracy. This type of technology is widely used in production due to detailed shapes and patterns.

The popularity of Laser cutting is mainly attributed to its advantage over a range of industries. This allows superb accuracy for complex designs so there is little of a waste in materials. This reduces the risks of damage because it does not involve actual physical contact. It has wide applications in automotive, aerospace, electronics, and arts.

The applicability of laser cutting changes with different materials. Heat-conductive and structurally rigid metals such as stainless steel, aluminum, and carbon steel are suitable for this purpose. In addition, it cuts non-metal materials such as wood, acrylic, paper, and cloth. Material thickness together with composition and lasers’ power and intensity will result in the achievement of intended outcomes.

#Plasma Metal Cutting

Plasma Metal Cutting

The plasma cutting method is one of the most economical in metal fabric production. It uses an ionized high-speed gas jet for cutting across different kinds of materials. This is achieved by passing an electric arc through the gas which heats it into a so-called super hot plasma (up to 17 thousand degrees Centigrade). This melts metal and gives accurate and neat cuts. Industries extensively employ this technology.

The use of plasma cutting allows different cutting thicknesses and material varieties. These include types of metals such as stainless steel, aluminum, copper, and conductive metals. Its specialized cuts meet the demands of delicate designs and large-scale commercial jobs, ranging from narrow gauge metals to thick plates. It has numerous functions such as pattern-making in handcrafts and steel-cutting for constructions.

This role is played by Plasma cutting. It is used in shipbuilding to saw steel plates. It gives accurate contours of car body parts in automotive manufacturing. It has speed, accuracy, and versatility of materials that are useful in construction, aerospace, and manufacturing. This technology plays a vital role in boosting productivity as well as producing high-quality outputs in different processes.

#Waterjet Metal Cutting

Waterjet Metal Cutting

Waterjet cutting is a method that uses high-velocity water streams for precise cuttings. In the industries of auto and aero, it successfully cuts metal sheets into complex designs for instance.

Waterjet cutting is suited for various materials such as metals, ceramics, and composites. Amazingly, it can even do cuts of up to 200mm and above which makes it flexible to many uses.

The water cut (Waterjet Cutting) is one of the greenest cutting techniques, it doesn’t produce any foul smells or dust. Its thin kerf width makes it an economical choice since this reduces material wastage.

#CNC Router For Metal Cutting

CNC Router For Metal Cutting

CNC routers (like Milling and Engraving) are employed by CNC Router machines for designing accurate shapes in metals. The machine is used in engraving intricate patterns on metal decoratively, for example.

In metal designing, this gives an opportunity to have customized designs using a CNC Router. The machine offers users a high level of distinctiveness in that it makes unique designs such as personalized nameplates or artistic motifs.

Catering for CAD/CAM improves the capability of CNC routers. CAD allows complicated drawings, while CAM converts these designs into readable matche language. Such a combination simplifies production and guarantees quality.

#CNC Milling Metal Cutting

CNC Milling Metal Cutting

CNC Milling is used in shaping materials into three-dimensional objects, making gear, or an aerospace machined part. This traversing occurs in several axes at once increasing the precision and speed required by complex functions.

Metal manufacture is very sensitive, and precision CNC milling makes complicated parts with extremely specific dimensional requirements essential for accuracy accuracy-oriented industry. It can deal with turbine blades and medical implants efficiently.

With regard to features of CNC Milling, Multi-Axis Machining ensures accurate shapes and surfaces of complex parts. This yields a high-quality output that helps the automotive and aerospace industries.

#CNC Turning For Metal Cutting

CNC Turning For Metal Cutting

In CNC turning, computer-controlled machines are employed in the forming of metal components. The precise and effective shaping is achieved by rotating workpieces and cutting tools. The approach also addresses a number of complexities in parts production with regard to quality.

The symmetry of the metal components is achieved by programming CNC machines to replicate cutting paths.j For example, to produce symmetrical gears that could be used in manufacturing CNC machine repeats the cutting design to both sides.

Automated, fast CNC turning is preferred for high-quantity production. It is set once and never changes its nature of manufacturing identical components within a very short time leading to efficiency and uniform quality.

#CNC Wire EDM For Metal Cutting

CNC Wire EDM For Metal Cutting

EDM stands for electromechanical discharge machine and is one of the manufacturing processes that cut or shape metallic components using sparks created by electrically charged conductors in the presence of dielectric medium like oils, gases, water, etc. A thin charged wire can cut, drill, and form conductive material. The technique develops minute hollows on highly tough steel suited for the process of tooling.

CNC wire EDM is used for producing complex-shaped metals that are found in various sectors such as aerospace and medicine. Complex, highly accurate components are made by it with special regard for tough-to-cut materials of high alloy, e.g., turbine airfoils or special instruments for surgical procedures.

First, wire EDM boasts a high degree of accuracy and is able to process difficult-to-cut materials with ease. These problems are nevertheless present; their speed of cut is comparatively low, especially with other methods used. The slow material cutting rate makes it unsuitable for mass production.

How to choose the right Metal Cutting Process For Your Project


Laser cutting should be used when accuracy is required. For example, in case one is dealing with complex shapes of parts, laser cutting may achieve superior precision, diminishing the necessity for subsequent machining.


Hence, tight tolerances are required for CNC milling. However, with CNC milling, more stringent tolerances are possible during the machining process which ensures that the finished product conforms to the stipulated standards.

Cost Efficiency

When it comes to mass production, CNC turning is the cheapest method. Using automated CNC turning processes will help reduce labor costs while at the same time increasing machining efficiency which leads to overall reduction of cost.

Material Selection

The various materials that water Jet cutting is good for. A good example is water jet cutting which ensures highly quality cutting while dealing with hard-to-cut composites and stones during machining processing.


Plasma cutting provides speedy and accurate production cuts for quick processing of simple components. Due to this, plasma cutting is efficient and takes little time with respect to relativity tougher cutting requirements.

CNC Cutting Service

We are a metal cutting facility providing customers with advanced CNC machining and CNC turning along with related auxiliary services such as laser, flame, and plasma cutting. We employ superior technologies and materials in making our products such as gears and molds precise and of high quality. Dedicated to client satisfaction, we manufacture cutting tools for achieving production targets.


On-demand CNC Machining prototyping and parts with Custom Finishes and low volume manufacturing.

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